Male breast reduction is referred to as gynaecomastia surgery in the medical literature. The excessive growth of breast tissue in men due to hormonal reasons or malnutrition can cause various health and aesthetic concerns and problems. Generally, breast enlargement occurs due to the increase of oestrogen hormone in the body, so endocrine screening is recommended in male breast aesthetic surgeries.

What is male breast reduction surgery?

Male aesthetic breast reduction surgery is performed by plastic surgeons. Female type breast augmentation in men is usually seen structurally. Although this is not a dangerous situation, it increases the risk of breast cancer in men as breast volume increases but is generally considered benign. On the other hand, breast enlargement, which causes major aesthetic problems in men, can easily be eliminated by breast reduction surgery. 

For whom is gynaecomastia surgery used?

Those who undergo gynaecomastia surgery are usually men with female pattern breast enlargement. There may be no particular reason why the breast grows more than normal. However, according to other research, people who need breast reduction usually have the following criteria:

  • Excessive breast enlargement for hormonal reasons.
  • Taking cortisone or steroids
  • Excessive alcohol consumption or liver disease
  • Wrong diet due to hormonal foods

As a result of excessive breast enlargement in men, pain is sometimes felt and sometimes there may even be psychological disturbances. The factors that lead to gynaecomastia are usually caused by the deterioration of the oestrogen and androgen ratio. 

How is gynaecomastia surgery performed?

First and foremost, a correct diagnosis is required when performing male breast reduction surgery. Since a physical examination alone is not sufficient, an endocrine examination must be performed. Before gynaecomastia surgery, the following criteria are considered:

  • Physical examination
  • Liver test in case of breast pain or tenderness
  • Kidney and thyroid function tests
  • Hormone levels
  • Blood analysis
  • Mammography
  • ultrasound

If gynaecomastia surgery is decided after these tests, the surgical method will be decided depending on the patient's condition and stage. Generally, liposuction is used for low and moderate sagging. If the fatty tissue in the breast is excessive, the laser liposuction method is used as it leaves no trace. In the stages above this, a small incision is made at the nipple and the breast tissue is removed. 

What are the advantages of male breast reduction?

The benefits of male breast reduction are first and foremost a visually more confident appearance. After breast reduction, the unpleasant breast appearance also disappears. The appearance of the breast becomes more aesthetic, and the lower pectoral muscles become more prominent. 

Men who have lost their self-confidence due to gynaecomastia feel much better after this operation. This situation has a positive effect on both their business and social life. Although female-type breast enlargement in men is usually due to weight gain, if there is a hormonal imbalance, aesthetic surgery should be performed. 

Is gynaecomastia gone due to weight loss?

There are many different debates about the transience of gynaecomastia. Although gynaecomastia in adolescence is usually temporary, it disappears on its own within 3 years in about 90 per cent of patients. However, regular follow-up is important in this process. If there is no underlying cause, an experienced plastic surgeon can be consulted for male breast reduction surgery. This is because this problem, which persists in some patients at an older age, can only be corrected by surgical treatment.